Kuwait is a desert country where the prevailing high temperatures, low humidity, and scant vegetation suggest a low prevalence of allergy.
We evaluated the prevalence of atopic sensitization (presence of allergen-specific IgE) among young adult blood donors by screening a total of 505 subjects (male : female ratio 1.6) with mean age of 28.4 years (range 18-50 years).
The Pharmacia CAP-Phadiatop test, which detects serum IgE specific to most common airborne allergens, was used.
Some of the specific sensitizing allergens were also identified by the related CAP-RAST method.
Sensitization was detected in 223 of the 505 subjects (44.2%) screened.
Kuwaiti nationals had a significantly higher prevalence rate (50.2%) than non-Kuwaitis (34.2%) (X2=8.6, P<0.003).
The highest prevalence rate was found among male Kuwaitis (53.8%). The prevalence of current or previous allergic disease (subject-reported) was 20.6%. Bermuda grass, house-dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus), and Chenopodium album were the most prevalent sensitizing allergens, with frequencies of 53.6%, 52.7%, and 50.9%, respectively, among the sensitized subjects (corresponding to 23.7%, 23.3%, and 22.5%, respectively) for the entire population.
Sensitization increased with age, but only among the expatriates, younger Kuwaitis being as frequently sensitized as the older ones.
Polysensitization was found to be common. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Allergie, Allergène, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Koweit, Asie, Donneur sang, Adulte jeune, Homme, Immunopathologie, Pneumallergène
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Allergy, Allergen, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Kuwait, Asia, Blood donor, Young adult, Human, Immunopathology, Aeroallergen
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0061020
Code Inist : 002B06C01. Création : 14/05/1998.