Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma. Sanibel, FL, USA, 1997/01/15.
Modern surgical care must meet high standards of quality but must also be cost-effective.
Critical care uses huge amounts of resources, and strategies for effective use of scarce, expensive intensive care unit beds must be implemented.
Previously, we demonstrated that ancillary expenditures can be decreased without compromising care.
The present study was performed to determine whether our cost-containment strategies were durable and could be extended to areas, such as chest roentgenography, where savings previously proved elusive.
Costs for laboratory tests, radiographs, and drugs were determined prospectively for all surgical intensive care unit care for a 34-month period (January 1,1994-October 31,1996) at an urban university center.
A systematic, multidisciplinary cost-reduction program began on May 1,1994, with emphasis on laboratory and radiographic testing and procedures and drug therapies.
Calendar-year cohorts were compared by age and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II and III admission scores.
Outcome variables were hospital mortality, days in the intensive care unit and hospital, and expenditures.
Cost data were taken weekly from the hospital's clinical information system.
All admission noncost variables were identical.
There were significant reductions in intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, and there was a trend (p=0.07) toward decreased hospital mortality. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Analyse coût efficacité, Qualité, Soin, Chirurgie, Homme, Analyse coût, Organisation, Hôpital, Centre hospitalier universitaire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Soin intensif
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cost efficiency analysis, Quality, Care, Surgery, Human, Cost analysis, Organization, Hospital, Teaching hospital, United States, North America, America, Intensive care
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0060271
Code Inist : 002B30A04B. Création : 14/05/1998.