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  1. Low levels of cardiovascular risk factors and coronary heart disease in a UK Chinese population.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and coronary heart disease in Chinese and Europid adults.

    Design-Population based, cross sectional survey

    Setting-Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 1991-93.

    Subjects-Altogether 380 Chinese and 625 Europid adults, aged 25-64 years.

    Main outcome measures-Fasting lipid levels, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), the proportions who smoked, and the prevalence of coronary heart disease based on the Rose angina questionnaire and major electrocardiographic abnormalities on resting 12 lead electrocardiogram (Minnesota codes 1.1-1.2).

    All figures were age adjusted to the 1991 England and Wales population.

    Results

    Altogether 183 and 197 Chinese, and 310 and 315 Europid men and women respectively were seen.

    Compared with Europid men, Chinese men had a lower mean total cholesterol concentration (5.1 versus 5.6 mmol/l, p<0.001) and LDL cholesterol (3.2 versus 3.6 mmol/l, p<0.001) ; lower BMI values (23.8 versus 26.1 kg/m-2, p<0.001) ; and smoked less (23% versus 35%, p<0.01)). Compared with Europid women, Chinese women also had lower mean lipid levels (total cholesterol :

    • Compared with Europid men, Chinese men had a lower mean total cholesterol concentration (5.1 versus 5.6 mmol/l, p<0.001) and LDL cholesterol (3.2 versus 3.6 mmol/l, p<0.001) ;

    • lower BMI values (23.8 versus 26.1 kg/m-2, p<0.001) ;

    • 4.9 versus 5.4 mmol/l p<0.001,

    • LDL cholesterol : 2.8 versus 3.1 mmol/l p<0.001) ; BMI values (23.5 versus 26.1 kg/m-2, p<0.001) ; and far fewer were smokers (1.4% versus 33%, p<0.001).

    Chinese women, however, had higher mean systolic (121 versus 117 mmHg, p>0.05) and diastolic (75 versus 68 mmHg, p<0.001) blood pressures. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Cardiopathie coronaire, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Prévalence, Royaume Uni, Europe, Ethnie, Chinois, Autochtone, Mortalité, Immigrant, Comparaison interindividuelle

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, Coronary heart disease, Cardiovascular disease, Prevalence, United Kingdom, Europe, Ethnic group, Chinese, Autochtonous, Mortality, Immigrant, Interindividual comparison

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0058725

    Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 14/05/1998.