A European perspective on pediatric cochlear implantation, rehabilitation services, and their educational implications.
European Symposium on Pediatric Cochlear Implantation. Hannover, DEU, 1996/06/06.
To assess the educational implications of pediatric cochlear implantation from the perspective of the implant team.
Coordinators of pediatric cochlear implant teams throughout Europe took part in a survey using forced-choice questions.
Fifty-four centers were originally sent the questionnaire ; 41 centers replied.
Of 504 children planned to receive cochlear implants in Europe during 1996,54% (273/504) were aged 2-5 years and 12% (60/504) aged 0-2 years, indicating a trend toward pediatric implantation in younger children.
There is a strong commitment to rehabilitation in the teams ; 66% (27/41) employ a teacher of the deaf, the ratio of medical/audiological to rehabilitation personnel is 1 : 2, and 76% (31/41) of the implant teams visit local educators.
Of all the children receiving implants to the date of this report, 23% were considered to be in unfavorable educational environments ; these were environments where children were taught with an emphasis on sign language and little expectation from audition, and mainstream provision without support from experienced teachers of the deaf.
There is a high staff input to children with cochlear implants from implant rehabilitation personnel over and above the input received in the educational environment.
Hence, it is important for the school and the implant team to mutually agree on their shared responsibilities. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Surdité, Traitement, Implant, Cochlée, Rééducation, Education, Enquête, Questionnaire, Enfant, Homme, Age préscolaire, Europe, ORL pathologie, Trouble audition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hearing loss, Treatment, Implant, Cochlea, Reeducation, Education, Survey, Questionnaire, Child, Human, Preschool age, Europe, ENT disease, Auditory disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0058723
Code Inist : 002B26C03. Création : 14/05/1998.