Alms Recurrent venesection of patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease may be detrimental, with an increased risk of cerebrovascular events and symptomatic iron-deficiency.
The aim of this study was to determine the venesection policies as practised in hospitals within a U.K. region and to determine if these policies followed current recommendations.
Methods and Results Fifty-eight consultants (56% response rate) in cardiac specialties completed self-assessment questionnaires regarding the indications for and practice of venesection.
Sixty-one percent of those responding were involved directly in the care of patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease and of these clinicians 97% used venesection.
Indications for venesection varied, with 51% of those responding using an elevated haemoglobin per se (6.5-21.0 g. dl-1) ; 78% an elevated haematocrit (0.55-0.75) and 83% symptoms.
Desired maintenance haemoglobin and haematocrit levels also varied greatly.
Fifty percent of the consultants responding routinely screened their patients for iron deficiency and 23% felt there was no indication for investigating a low mean corpuscular volume.
Only 18% of the policies described followed any evidence based principles.
Conclusions The practice of venesecting patients with congenital cyanotic heart disease varies greatly.
Policies in many hospitals do not reflect the minimal benefits and considerable risks associated with recurrent venesection.
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie cyanogène, Cardiopathie, Congénital, Phlébotomie, Politique sanitaire, Hôpital, Traitement, Technique, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Maladie congénitale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cyanotic heart disease, Heart disease, Congenital, Phlebotomy, Health policy, Hospital, Treatment, Technique, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Congenital disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0058399
Code Inist : 002B12A08. Création : 14/05/1998.