Study objectives-To assess the psychological impact of mammographic screening on women with non-malignant outcomes after attending the Netherlands'National Breast Cancer Screening Programme.
Design-During one year all women with false positive test results (95) in a screening area were invited for the study.
Each false positive was matched with two women with normal mammograms with respect to age and municipality.
A random reference group of 400 was drawn from the female population in an area not yet included in the screening programme.
Experiences with screening and psychological status of subjects were assessed 8-10 weeks after screening (T1) and again after six months (T2), by interviews as well as questionnaires.
References completed two questionnaires with a six months'interval.
Participants-74 (78%) women with false positive outcomes and 113 (59%) women with negative outcomes participated at T1, of these 65 (88%) and 105 (93%) at T2, respectively ; 238 references returned questionnaires at T1 (59%), of these 143 (60%) at T2.
Main results-At 8-10 weeks after the screening, the women who received false positive test results scored higher on most of the variables indicating psychological disfunctioning than women with normal mammograms, but did not notably differ on the same variables from the non-screened reference group.
Women with normal mammograms had the lowest scores on all the variables in the study at both assessments. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Dépistage, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Femme, Homme, Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Femelle, Mammographie, Pays Bas, Europe, Faux positif, Erreur, Diagnostic, Effet psychologique, Stress, Angoisse anxiété, Exploration radiologique, Glande mammaire pathologie, Evaluation, Long terme, Soulagement psychologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medical screening, Sanitary program, Prevention, Woman, Human, Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Female, Mammography, Netherlands, Europe, False positive, Error, Diagnosis, Psychological effect, Stress, Anxiety, Radiologic investigation, Mammary gland diseases, Evaluation, Long term
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0057759
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 14/05/1998.