A longitudinal study of ambient air pollutants and the lung peak expiratory flow rates among asthmatic children in Hungary.
We conducted this study in Budapest, Hungary, to better characterize the effects of exposure to ambient air pollutants on the lung function of asthmatic children.
The 60 study participants were 9-14 years old, had physician-diagnosed asthma, and were symptomatic during the previous year.
Their ambient air pollutant exposures to total suspended particulates (TSP) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) were estimated from measurements made at the air monitor nearest their residence.
We used analysis of variance and a fixed-effects model to assess the impact of the pollutants upon their morning and evening peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) from 13 September to 5 December 1993.
Total suspended particulates and SO2 concentrations exceeded World Health Organization guideline limits on several days.
Pollutant concentrations and PEFR increased during the study period.
After adjusting for temperature, humidity, weekend/weekday, and the time trend, we found no consistent association between air pollutant concentrations and PEFR.
Fall to winter seasonal changes had a large influence on PEFR and may have overshadowed the effects of the air pollutants during the study period.
Seasonal influences should be carefully considered when planning future studies.
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Débit expiratoire, Pic, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Homme, Pollution air, Soufre dioxyde, Particule en suspension, Toxicité, Variation saisonnière, Eté, Fonction respiratoire, Hongrie, Europe, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Allergie, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Expiratory flow rate, Peak, Epidemiology, Child, Human, Air pollution, Sulfur dioxide, Suspended particle, Toxicity, Seasonal variation, Summer, Lung function, Hungary, Europe, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Allergy, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0056870
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 14/05/1998.