A long-term schistosomiasis control programme was initiated on Pemba Island, Tanzania in 1986 with the aim of eliminating morbidity due to Schistosoma haematobium infection.
The programme used haematuria as a community indicator of morbidity for surveillance and for identifying individuals for selective population chemotherapy.
Analysis of the first 3 evaluation studies showed that the prevalence of microhaematuria was linearly related to the prevalence of infection, and that visually detectable haematuria was a marker of the intensity of infection and risk of morbidity in a community.
These relationships remained consistent during repeated community-based chemotherapy, suggesting that measures of haematuria may be useful tools for surveillance.
Mots-clés Pascal : Schistosomiase, Trématodose, Helminthiase, Parasitose, Infection, Schistosoma haematobium, Trematoda, Plathelmintha, Helmintha, Invertebrata, Prévalence, Morbidité, Hématurie, Tanzanie, Afrique, Homme, Indicateur, Programme sanitaire, Lutte sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Schistosomiasis, Trematode disease, Helminthiasis, Parasitosis, Infection, Schistosoma haematobium, Trematoda, Plathelmintha, Helmintha, Invertebrata, Prevalence, Morbidity, Hematuria, Tanzania, Africa, Human, Indicator, Sanitary program, Sanitary control
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0055323
Code Inist : 002B05E03C1. Création : 14/05/1998.