Lipid and ischaemic heart disease risk factors in an urbanising South African workforce.
To determine the prevalence of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) risk factors in an urbanising black workforce.
A cross-sectional study.
341 men aged 21 - 71 years working at a lead acid battery plant in the city of East London.
Major and minor risk factors for IHD, lipid and lipoprotein levels including apolipoprotein A-1 and B and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size.
At the high risk level, 35.2% of workers had one major risk factor.
Smoking was the most common, with 52.2% of participants smoking at least one cigarette per day.
Approximately 31% had a total cholesterol level carrying a risk for developing IHD, while 21.8% had LDL species that may carry IHD risk.
The mean diastolic and systolic blood pressures were low.
Hypertension was present in 15.6% of the subjects.
The prevalence of obesity was 17.8% and about 40% of workers had an inactive lifestyle.
This urbanising workforce is at considerable risk for developing IHD.
The possibility of using the workplace to introduce intervention programmes to limit the impact of IHD risk factors needs to be explored.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ischémie, Myocarde, Facteur risque, Prévalence, Travailleur, Force, Race, Négroïde, Homme, Cigarette, Obésité, Cholestérol, Epidémiologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ischemia, Myocardium, Risk factor, Prevalence, Worker, Force, Race, Negroid, Human, Cigarette, Obesity, Cholesterol, Epidemiology, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0055064
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 14/05/1998.