Coronary heart disease was uncommon among the Navajo in the past, but appears to have increased substantially over the last few decades.
The 1991-1992 Navajo Health and Nutrition Survey, which included interviews and examinations of 303 men and 485 women between the ages of 20 and 91 y, is the first population-based examination of coronary heart disease risk factors in this tribe.
Coronary heart disease risk characteristics were common, particularly overweight (men, 35% ; women, 62%), hypertension (men, 23% ; women, 14%) and diabetes mellitus (men, 17% ; women, 25%). Among 20-to 39-y-olds, a large proportion of men reported that they currently smoked cigarettes (23%) ; use of chewing tobacco or snuff was also prevalent among these 20-to 39-y-old men (37%) and women (31%). Although serum concentrations of total cholesterol were fairly comparable to those seen in the general U.S. population, fasting serum triglyceride concentrations were high (median : men, 132 mg/dL ; women, 137 mg/dL), and concentrations of HDL cholesterol were low, particularly among women (median : men, 42 mg/dL ; women, 44 mg/dL).
Body mass index was associated with levels of most risk factors, and, independently of the level of overweight, a truncal pattern of body fat was related to adverse lipid levels among men.
A large proportion of men (20%) and women (30%) reported not having participated in physical activity during the preceding month. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Nutrition, Enquête, Cholestérol, Triglycéride, Poids corporel, Facteur risque, Cardiopathie coronaire, Diabète, Anthropométrie, Indice masse corporelle, Lipide, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Endocrinopathie, Trouble métabolisme, Pancréas endocrine pathologie, Homme, Indien
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nutrition, Survey, Cholesterol, Triglyceride, Body weight, Risk factor, Coronary heart disease, Diabetes mellitus, Anthropometry, Body mass index, Lipids, Vascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Endocrinopathy, Metabolic disorder, Endocrine pancreatic diseases, Human, Indian
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0054388
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 14/05/1998.