House calls to the elderly : A vanishing practice among physicians.
Background Despite the growth in other home health care services, the number of house calls by physicians has declined dramatically during this century.
We determined the frequency of house calls made by physicians to elderly U.S. patients in 1993 and analyzed the characteristics of the physicians and patients involved.
Methods We analyzed a 5 percent random sample of the 1993 Medicare Part B claims data for beneficiaries over the age of 65 who were not enrolled in health maintenance organizations (HMOs).
With supplemental information from the Area Resource File and the American Medical Association's Physician Masterfile, we determined how many house calls were made, their cost, and a number of specific characteristics of the physicians and the patients.
Results In our 1993 sample, 36,350 house calls were made to 11,917 of the 1,357,262 patients.
When extrapolated to all Medicare beneficiaries over age 65 and not enrolled in HMOs, these figures correspond to 727,000 house calls to 238,340 patients nationwide.
We estimated the cost of these house calls to be $63 million.
The patients who received house calls from physicians were older than those who did not, were more likely to die within the calendar year, had higher rates of hospitalization, and were more likely to receive care from other home health providers, hospice programs, and skilled-nursing facilities. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin, A domicile, Etude statistique, Vieillard, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Visite
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physician, At home, Statistical study, Elderly, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0054000
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 14/05/1998.