Experience of an emergency mobile asthma treatment programme.
Copyright (c) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
All rights reserved.
In order to reduce mortality and the need for hospital care for patients suffering from acute asthma, an emergency programme was set up.
An ambulance crew, trained in coronary-pulmonary resuscitation was instructed in dealing with acute asthma and delegated to give 24 h treatment with bronchodilators (inhaled salbutamol and ipratropium bromide).
If there was no, or only slight, improvement with this therapy, nurses (daytime) were delegated to give injections with corticosteroids (terbutaline and theophylline).
Over a period of 2 years, 240 patients, 115 women and 125 men, were treated on 367 occasions.
In 127 patients (53%), two or more treatments were given.
The number of times treatment was given, as well as the proportion of females to males, increased the younger the patients were.
Out of all the cases, more than 70% improved after treatment.
On arrival, 21 patients (6%) were unconscious
After therapy, 15/21 patients (71%) survived.
This may correspond to a similar reduction in mortality (population about 350000 inhabitants), as it is unlikely that unconscious patients can survive without intensive care. 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Mortalité, Bronchodilatateur, Soin, Urgence, Programme sanitaire, Chimiothérapie, Traitement, Homme, Evaluation, Pronostic, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Soin intensif, Irlande, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Mortality, Bronchodilator, Care, Emergency, Sanitary program, Chemotherapy, Treatment, Human, Evaluation, Prognosis, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Intensive care, Ireland, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0053488
Code Inist : 002B27B14C. Création : 14/05/1998.