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  1. Spontaneous pneumothorax in infants : A 10-year review.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To document the number of infants with spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) and determine the association of any underlying pathologic processes in the lung with SP.

    Design 

    Retrospective chart review of infants admitted with SP from January 1985, to December 1994.

    Setting 

    Patients admitted to The Children's Medical Center, Dayton, Ohio.

    Participants 

    Children aged greater than 28 days but less than 1 year with the primary admitting diagnosis of SP.

    Main outcome measures 

    The number of infants with SP and description of underlying conditions associated with SP.

    Results 

    Six infants were identified with the admitting diagnosis of SP.

    All of the patients had underlying conditions that predisposed to SP : febrile seizures, anatomic abnormalities (one with an intrathoracic cystic hygroma and one with a cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung), bronchiolitis, and two patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonitis.

    The children with SP identified in this survey accounted for one admission per 10,000 hospitalized children and 3.4 admissions per 10,000 hospitalized infants.

    Conclusions 

    SP in infancy is uncommon.

    The data indicate that infants who present with SP have associated conditions predisposing to the development of a pulmonary air leak.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pneumothorax, Spontané, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Association morbide, Morbidité, Nourrisson, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epanchement, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Plèvre pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pneumothorax, Spontaneous, Epidemiology, Incidence, Concomitant disease, Morbidity, Infant, Human, United States, North America, America, Effusion, Respiratory disease, Pleural disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0052559

    Code Inist : 002B11D. Création : 14/05/1998.