Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting. Denver, CO, USA, 1996/05/05.
Since 1987 the average length of stay for infants following hospital delivery has decreased 1.8 days.
This study was undertaken to evaluate the null hypothesis that early discharge of newborns from nurseries does not result in increased emergency department (ED) utilization during the first 10 days of life.
Site : Thirty community EDs, one university ED.
Retrospective review of ED visits of patients two to 10 days of age from 1989 to 1995.
The absolute number of ED neonatal visits (NVs) was compared to the total number of ED visits for each year and the ratio of NV/10,000 ED visits determined.
The disposition and diagnosis of each patient was noted, and the number and percent of infants admitted to the hospital calculated.
A total of 3.1 million ED visits were reviewed, and 2094 NVs identified.
The ratio of NV/10,000 ED visits increased from 4.3 in 1989 to 7.8 in 1995 (P<0.001), while the average length of stay for deliveries decreased from 2.79 days to 1.85 days.
The mean percent of patients admitted from the ED was 10.3% and showed no statistically significant changes over the study period.
The majority of visits were for minor medical or educational problems.
The null hypothesis is rejected.
Early discharge of neonates does result in increased ED utilization.
No increase in admission rates for these infants was documented, indicating that patient severity did not increase with ED utilization. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Service hospitalier, Néonatal, Durée, Hospitalisation, Sortie hôpital, Précoce, Admission hôpital, Urgence, Epidémiologie, Evaluation, Evolution, Ratio, Nouveau né, Homme, Nourrisson, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Rétrospective, Etude comparative, Soin intensif
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospital ward, Neonatal, Duration, Hospitalization, Hospital discharge, Early, Hospital admission, Emergency, Epidemiology, Evaluation, Evolution, Ratio, Newborn, Human, Infant, United States, North America, America, Retrospective, Comparative study, Intensive care
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0052553
Code Inist : 002B30A04D. Création : 14/05/1998.