This paper describes a pilot project to develop and implement a low-cost system for ongoing surveillance of childhood asthma in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.
The authors organized a planning workshop to solicit information and ideas for an asthma surveillance system, bringing together national experts with Milwaukee professionals and community representatives involved in the prevention and treatment of asthma.
Based on recommendations from the workshop, a pilot surveillance project was implemented in Milwaukee County using records of emergency room visits and hospital admissions for asthma abstracted from the computerized billing records of the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin (CHW), retrospectively for 1993 and prospectively for 1994.
Retrospective data were also sought from the other hospital emergency departments in Milwaukee County to evaluate the representativeness of the CHW data.
Surveillance data were used to evaluate utilization of care by patient subgroups and to describe temporal patterns in emergency room visits.
Ofthe emergency department visits for asthma in Milwaukee County in 1993, CHW accounted for 94% among infants less than 1 year of age, 89% among children ages 1 through 5 years, and only 59% among children between the ages of 6 and 18 years. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant, Homme, Surveillance sanitaire, Wisconsin, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Asthme, Assistance ordinateur, Hôpital, Source information, Collecte donnée, Méthodologie, Epidémiologie, Coût, Service urgence, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child, Human, Sanitary surveillance, Wisconsin, United States, North America, America, Asthma, Computer aid, Hospital, Information source, Data gathering, Methodology, Epidemiology, Costs, Emergency department, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0051397
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 14/05/1998.