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  1. Informal jobs : Another occupational hazard for women's mental health ?

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives

    The hypothesis that informal jobs, which imply absence of formal labour contracts, instability and the absence of fringe benefits, are positively associated with psychiatric symptoms was evaluated in a poor urban area of Brazil.

    Methods

    With data from a cross-sectional study, the association between informal jobs and high number of psychological symptoms was estimated.

    The study population was composed of 327 women randomly selected from a community in the city of Salvador, Brazil.

    Women who reported having a job without a formal contract were classified as informal workers.

    Psychological symptoms were collected through a validated questionnaire, the QMPA.

    Results

    A positive association between informal work and a high number of psychological symptoms was found (crude prevalence ratio=1.88,95% confidence interval ICI] : 1.24-2.85).

    More than 4 hours of housework a day and being a family head were confounders, although adjustment for these variables did not significantly change the results (adjusted prevalence ratio=1.97,95% Cl : 1.26-3.09).

    Conclusions

    These findings are suggestive that informal work may be a risk for mental symptoms.

    Reinforcement of universal labour rights coverage and improvement in housework sharing are recommended.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Epidémiologie, Activité professionnelle, Homme, Femelle, Trouble humeur, Santé mentale, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Travail clandestin, Précarité, Détresse psychologique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Epidemiology, Professional activity, Human, Female, Mood disorder, Mental health, Brazil, South America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0051342

    Code Inist : 002B18C07D. Création : 14/05/1998.