The hypothesis that informal jobs, which imply absence of formal labour contracts, instability and the absence of fringe benefits, are positively associated with psychiatric symptoms was evaluated in a poor urban area of Brazil.
With data from a cross-sectional study, the association between informal jobs and high number of psychological symptoms was estimated.
The study population was composed of 327 women randomly selected from a community in the city of Salvador, Brazil.
Women who reported having a job without a formal contract were classified as informal workers.
Psychological symptoms were collected through a validated questionnaire, the QMPA.
A positive association between informal work and a high number of psychological symptoms was found (crude prevalence ratio=1.88,95% confidence interval ICI] : 1.24-2.85).
More than 4 hours of housework a day and being a family head were confounders, although adjustment for these variables did not significantly change the results (adjusted prevalence ratio=1.97,95% Cl : 1.26-3.09).
These findings are suggestive that informal work may be a risk for mental symptoms.
Reinforcement of universal labour rights coverage and improvement in housework sharing are recommended.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Epidémiologie, Activité professionnelle, Homme, Femelle, Trouble humeur, Santé mentale, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Travail clandestin, Précarité, Détresse psychologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Epidemiology, Professional activity, Human, Female, Mood disorder, Mental health, Brazil, South America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0051342
Code Inist : 002B18C07D. Création : 14/05/1998.