Mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and prevalence of coronary arteriosclerosis are low in Inuit of Greenland (Greenlanders).
Aetiological considerations have so far focused mostly on diet and blood lipids.
The present study is a comprehensive analysis of behavioural, clinical and serological cardiovascular risk factors for IHD in Greenlanders.
An interview survey from West Greenland (n=1436) was supplemented with clinical measurements and blood sampling in selected towns and villages (n=264).
The average consumption of marine mammals and fish was 28 meals per month.
In Greenland 14% of males and 30% of females were physically inactive compared with 14% and 17% in the general population of Denmark ; 79% were current smokers and 22% smoked 15+cigarettes per day compared with 42% and 21% in Denmark.
High density lipoprotein (HDL) concentration was 1.6 mmol/l in Greenland (1.1 in Denmark) and triglyceride concentration 1.0 mmol/l (1.5) Obesity, blood pressure and total cholesterol were similar in Greenland and Denmark.
There were significant differences between Greenlanders with a predominantly traditional childhood and those with a more westernized childhood with regard to diet, physical activity (in women) and blood lipids.
In spite of an increased westernization of the Greenlanders'lifestyle and a high prevalence of several cardiovascular risk factors, mortality from IHD is still low. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Ischémie, Myocarde, Facteur risque, Homme, Ethnie, Comportement alimentaire, Mode de vie, Lipide, Hémodynamique, Epidémiologie, Groenland, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie, Inuit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ischemia, Myocardium, Risk factor, Human, Ethnic group, Feeding behavior, Life habit, Lipids, Hemodynamics, Epidemiology, Greenland, North America, America, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0049822
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 14/05/1998.