Evaluation of a school-based asthma education program for inner-city children.
We have previously reported a high prevalence of current asthma-related symptoms affecting predominantly Hispanic, socioeconomically disadvantaged schoolchildren in Southeast San Diego.
We sought to assess the impact of a school-based education program on asthma outcomes.
In cooperation with the San Diego Unified Schools, we developed and implemented a school-based asthma education program.
Based on the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute consensus guidelines for asthma, the five-session bilingual, interactive curriculum was conducted in 20-minute segments.
Asthma knowledge was tested before and after the education program, and asthma severity was prospectively assessed at monthly intervals.
Outcome parameters were compared in educated and control (noneducated) fourth grade students with asthma by using non parametric techniques.
After asthma education, students demonstrated improvement with increases in mean scores for :
asthma knowledge quiz from 9.9 (SEM=0.44, n=34) to 13.7 (SEM=0.30) ;
peak flowmeter technique from 3.9 (SEM=033, n=32) to 6.4 (SEM=0.29) ;
and inhaler technique from 2.3 (SEM=0.26, n=32) to 4.3 (SEM=0.26).
All changes were highly significant (p ¾ 0.00001 as determined by Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Programme enseignement, Programme sanitaire, Ecole, Indice gravité, Milieu urbain, Enfant, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Educational program, Sanitary program, School, Severity score, Urban environment, Child, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0049729
Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 14/05/1998.