Little is known about the first cohorts of long-stay hospital residents with learning disabilities who moved to the community.
This study describes the pattern of residential reprovision for all former long-stay residents discharged from the three mental handicap hospitals in Northern Ireland between 1987 and 1990 (N=283) as well as describing aspects of quality of life for a smaller sample of people.
The study employs a retrospective survey design and the method and findings are discussed within. a quality of life framework.
Information about destinational outcomes between 1987 and 1993 was collected for each former resident.
Several instruments were also used to assess material, emotional and social well-being and development and activity for a 40 per cent sample of people (114/283) discharged from hospital during 1987-1990 and followed up in 1993.
Approximately 70 per cent of residents were discharged to, and subsequently remained in, highly supported settings such as residential and nursing homes.
Only 3 per cent were discharged to'independent living'with their own families or foster families.
Few of the sample had'major'problems with daily living skills and serious behavioural problems were uncommon.
Former patients were also more satisfied with their new homes and reported feeling happier, healthier and more independent since discharge. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Arriération mentale, Désinstitutionnalisation, Qualité vie, Evolution, Développement social, Satisfaction, Etude longitudinale, Organisation santé, Santé mentale, Irlande du Nord, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme, Déficience intellectuelle, Trouble développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental retardation, Desinstitutionalization, Quality of life, Evolution, Social development, Satisfaction, Follow up study, Public health organization, Mental health, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, Europe, Human, Intellectual deficiency, Developmental disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0044931
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 14/05/1998.