In this study, the authors tested the relation between loneliness and subsequent admission to a nursing home over a 4-year time period in a sample of approximately 3,000 rural older Iowans.
Higher levels of loneliness were found to increase the likelihood of nursing home admission and to decrease the time until nursing home admission.
The influence of extremely high loneliness on nursing home admission remained statistically significant after controlling for other variables, such as age, education, income, mental status, physical health, morale, and social contact, that were also predictive of nursing home admission.
Several mechanisms are proposed to explain the link between extreme loneliness and nursing home admission.
These include loneliness as a precipitant of declines in mental and physical health and nursing home placement as a strategy to gain social contact with others.
Implications for preventative interventions are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Isolement social, Facteur risque, Etablissement troisième âge, Milieu rural, Etude longitudinale, Vieillard, Homme, Placement institution
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social isolation, Risk factor, Homes for the aged, Rural environment, Follow up study, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0043554
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 17/04/1998.