logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. Safety of the blood supply in the United States : Opportunities and controversies.

    Article - En anglais

    The risk for viral transmission by transfusion has been reduced dramatically through improved techniques for selecting and testing blood donors.

    Initiatives to further improve the safety of the blood supply, including more stringent donor qualifications, additional testing for infectious disease markers, viral inactivation processes, and refinement of transfusion decisions, are possible.

    However, because the risk for viral transmission by allogeneic transfusion is already low, additional measures will have limited yield and poor cost-effectiveness.

    Furthermore, unexpected side effects of some of these « improvements » may reduce the safety of the blood supply by introducing new risks.

    Cost-effectiveness analyses of blood safety initiatives have highlighted such successes as the introduction of virus-specific assays for screening donated blood and have identified other interventions that have poor cost-effectiveness estimates.

    They have also quantitated the threshold level at which the risks of an intervention outweigh its benefits.

    These analyses have had little effect on decisions about blood safety, possibly because of overwhelming fear of AIDS and difficulties in applying cost-effectiveness estimates to a politically and emotionally charged issue.

    Future interventions for improving blood supply safety must be evaluated thoroughly and chosen carefully so that the intended goals are met. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Transfusion, Epidémiologie, Prévention, Donneur, Critère décision, Examen laboratoire, Facteur sécurité, Coût, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Sang, Organisation santé, Politique sanitaire

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Transfusion, Epidemiology, Prevention, Donor, Decision criterion, Laboratory investigations, Safety factor, Costs, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Blood, Public health organization, Health policy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0043421

    Code Inist : 002B27D01. Création : 17/04/1998.