logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. Impact of banning alcohol on outpatient visits in Barrow, Alaska.

    Article - En anglais

    Context. - Community availability of alcohol affects alcohol consumption patterns and alcohol-related health and social problems.

    In Barrow, Alaska, an isolated community at the northernmost reaches of the United States, during a 33-month period, possession and importation of alcohol were legal, completely banned, made legal again, and then banned again.

    Objective

    - To determine the impact of these public policy changes on alcohol-related outpatient visits at the area hospital.

    Design

    - Retrospective review of outpatient records ; time-series analysis of alcohol-related visits with respect to community alcohol policy.

    Main Outcome Measures

    - Total monthly outpatient visits for alcohol-related problems.

    Results

    - There was a substantial decrease in the number of alcohol-related outpatient visits when the ban on possession and importation was imposed compared with baseline.

    When the ban was lifted, outpatient visits increased ; when the ban was reimposed, the number of outpatient visits again decreased.

    Interrupted time-series analyses confirm that the alcohol ban, its lifting, and its reimposition had a statistically significant and negative effect on the number of alcohol-related outpatient visits (P<. 05).

    Conclusion

    - In a geographically isolated community, the prohibition of alcohol can be an effective public health intervention, reducing the health problems associated with alcohol use.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Prévention, Complication, Effet biologique, Incidence, Maladie, Etude statistique, Homme, Alaska, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Toxicomanie, Interdiction

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Prevention, Complication, Biological effect, Incidence, Disease, Statistical study, Human, Alaska, United States, North America, America, Drug addiction

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0041592

    Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 17/04/1998.