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  1. Prevalence, incidence and stability of drinking problems among whites, blacks and hispanics : 1984-1992.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    This article reports on the prevalence, incidence and stability of dependence-related problems and social consequences from drinking among whites, blacks and Hispanics between 1984 and 1992.

    Method 

    A probability sample of 1,777 whites, 1,947 blacks and 1,453 Hispanics from the U.S. adult household population was interviewed in 1984.

    In 1992 a subsample consisting of 788 whites, 723 blacks and 703 Hispanics was reinterviewed.

    Interviews averaging I hour in length were conducted in respondents'homes by trained interviewers.

    Results 

    The prevalence of a number of alcohol-related problems, the stability and incidence of dependence-related problems and the incidence of social consequences from drinking are higher among Hispanic than among white men.

    Dependence-related problems are more stable among black than among white men.

    Among women, the incidence of dependence-related problems and social consequences from drinking is higher among blacks than whites.

    Hispanic women have a higher incidence of social consequences from drinking than white women.

    Having a problem at Time I correlates only moderately with having a problem at Time 2, independent of ethnicity.

    Conclusions 

    In general, Hispanics and blacks continue to be more at risk thin whites for developing a number of alcohol-related problems. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Dépendance, Boisson alcoolisée, Alcoolisme, Prévalence, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Race, Ethnie, Noir américain, Latinoaméricain, Caucasoïde, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dependence, Alcoholic beverage, Alcoholism, Prevalence, Incidence, Epidemiology, Race, Ethnic group, Black American, Latinamerican, Caucasoid, United States, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0041065

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 17/04/1998.