Problem/Condition : Spina bifida is a birth defect of the spinal column that is a substantial contributor to serious developmental disabilities in the United States.
The risk for spina bifida and other neural tube defects (NTDs) can be reduced if women consume 0.4 mg of folic acid before and during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Public health programs are being developed to prevent many NTDs by increasing the consumption of folic acid by women of childbearing age.
To assess the national impact of these programs on the prevalence of NTDs at birth, multistate surveillance is needed to monitor secular trends in birth-prevalence rates.
This report summarizes a collaborative effort by CDC and state birth defect surveillance programs in 16 states to a) obtain multistate, population-based data concerning the birth prevalence and descriptive epidemiology of spina bifida and b) determine the usefulness of combining state surveillance data to monitor national trends in the birth prevalence of NTDs.
Reporting Period : This report presents data from birth defects surveillance systems in 16 states for the period 1983-1990 (specific periods covered varied by state).
These findings are compared with CDC's Birth Defects Monitoring Program (BDMP) for the same period.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Tératologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Spina bifida, Prévalence, Surveillance sanitaire, Méthodologie, Etude longitudinale, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Maladie congénitale, Malformation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Teratology, United States, North America, America, Human, Spina bifida, Prevalence, Sanitary surveillance, Methodology, Follow up study, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Congenital disease, Malformation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0040842
Code Inist : 002B17D. Création : 17/04/1998.