We report the prevalence of aborted suicide attempts in which the essential characteristics are (i) intent to kill oneself (ii) a change of mind before making an actual suicide attempt and (iii) the absence of physical injury.
The lifetime history of aborted suicide attempts was assessed by semi-structured interview of 733 patients, aged 18-59 years, who were consecutively admitted to a psychiatric hospital.
In the study group, 46% of subjects had made a suicide attempt and 29% had made at least one aborted attempt during their lifetime.
Subjects who had made aborted attempts were more likely to have made actual attempts.
Approximately 11% of the subjects in the study group had a history of aborted attempts of potential high lethality, such as going to a height in order to jump, or holding a gun to the head.
There were no major demographic differences between those with and without a history of aborted attempts.
However, among those with no prior history of actual attempts, subjects with depression and a family history of suicide were more than twice as likely as those without such a history to have made an aborted attempt.
Aborted suicide attempts arc a common suicidal behaviour among psychiatric in-patients.
Whether they predict actual attempts or suicide warrants prospective investigation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Trouble personnalité, Prévalence, Tentative suicide, Suicide, New York, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Personality disorder, Prevalence, Suicide attempt, Suicide, New York, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0039042
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 17/04/1998.