Dietary fat intake and risk of prostate cancer : A prospective study of 25,708 Norwegian men.
The relationship between incidence of prostate cancer and intake of dietary fat and foods rich in fat was studied in 25,708 men aged 16-56 years attending a Norwegian health screening in 1977-1983.
Linkage to the Cancer Registry of Norway and the Central Bureau of Statistics of Norway ensured a complete follow-up until December 31,1992.
Diet was recorded on a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire at the time of screening, and 72 cases of prostate cancer were identified during follow-up.
At the end of follow-up, mean age of the total study sample was 56 years (range 19-68), while mean age at diagnosis of prostate cancer was 60 years (range 47-67).
No association was found between energy-adjusted intake of total fat, saturated fat, mono-unsaturated fat or poly-unsaturated fat and the incidence of prostate cancer.
Significant positive associations were found for body mass index (BMI) and consumption of hamburgers/meatballs, while no association was found with consumption of frankfurters/sausages and a significant negative association with the weekly number of main meals with meat.
A significantly increased risk of prostate cancer was associated with skim milk as compared to whole milk.
Milk preference (skim vs. whole) was associated significantly positively with BMI. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Prostate, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Matière grasse, Alimentation, Norvège, Europe, Mâle, Questionnaire, Homme, Appareil génital mâle pathologie, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Prostate pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Prostate, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Fat, Feeding, Norway, Europe, Male, Questionnaire, Human, Male genital diseases, Urinary system disease, Prostate disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0037774
Code Inist : 002B14D02. Création : 17/04/1998.