To study the demographics and estimate the prevalence of dry eye among elderly Americans..
A population-based prevalence study was performed in 2,520 residents of Salisbury, Maryland, aged 65 years and older as of September 1993.
The population was derived from the Health Care Financing Administration Medicare database.
After completing a standardized questionnaire pertaining to dry eye symptoms, 2,420 subjects underwent Schirmer and rose bengal tests and anatomic assessment of the meibomian glands..
In this population, 14.6% (363/2,482) were symptomatic, defined as reporting one or more dry eye symptoms often or all the time ; 2.2% (53/2,448) were symptomatic and had a low Schirmer test result (¾5 mm), and 2% (48/2,432) were symptomatic and had a high rose bengal test score (=5).
Furthermore, 3.5% (84/2,425) were symptomatic and had either a low Schirmer score or a high rose bengal score, and 0.7% (17/2,420) were symptomatic and had both a low Schirmer score and a high rose bengal score.
No association of symptoms or signs was seen with age, sex, or race.
Although anatomic features of meibomianitis were associated with the presence of symptoms (P=01), 76% (67/88) of the individuals with these anatomic features were asymptomatic ; 10.5% (260/2,480) reported that they currently use artificial tears or lubricants. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Oeil sec syndrome, Prévalence, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Démographie, Age, Sexe, Race, Vieillard, Homme, Oeil pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dry eye syndrome, Prevalence, United States, North America, America, Demography, Age, Sex, Race, Elderly, Human, Eye disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0036927
Code Inist : 002B09N. Création : 17/04/1998.