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  1. An ecological paradigm for a health behavior analysis of "Konzo", a paralytic disease of Zaire from toxic cassava.

    Article - En anglais

    Konzo is an irreversible paralytic disease afflicting tens of thousands of women and children in rural Zaire and throughout sub-Sahara Africa.

    The disease can occur where bitter, high-yield varieties of cassava that thrive in arid soils provide the basic nutritional staple.

    The paraparesis is related to upper motor neuron damage stemming from the consumption of insufficiently processed toxic cassava roots (manioc) and a diet poor in the sulfur-based amino acids necessary for the body to detoxify the cyanide in this plant.

    The ecological paradigm [Kelly (1968) Toward an ecological conception of preventive interventions, in Research Contributions from Psychology to Community Mental Health, ed.

    J. W. Carter, pp. 75-99, Behavioral Publications, New York] is adapted as the evaluative model for evaluating the potential effectiveness of a proposed health behavior/education intervention for konzo.

    This qualitative research model involves a consideration of the cycling of resources (human labor and material), adaptation (of personal and social practices related to the health issue), succession (of social institutions, values, customs), interdependence (of human social units), and feasibility (or the congruency of the proposed intervention and cultural traits of the host environment). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Manioc, Racine, Toxicité, Paralysie, Intoxication alimentaire, Régime alimentaire dépourvu, Aminoacide, Origine végétale, Cyanure, Education santé, Comportement, Santé, Milieu rural, Zaïre, Afrique, Système nerveux pathologie, Trouble moteur, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cassava, Root, Toxicity, Paralysis, Food poisoning, Deficient diet, Aminoacid, Plant origin, Cyanides, Health education, Behavior, Health, Rural environment, Zaire, Africa, Nervous system diseases, Motor system disorder, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0036318

    Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 17/04/1998.