As patterns of family formation change, it is important to know how children's lives are affected by their parents'marital and socioeconomic circumstances.
Using data from the 1993 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, this study shows that children of never married and formerly married mothers have significantly higher probabilities of polio dropout and acute undernutrition than those of monogamously married mothers.
The number of male household members of working age greatly enhances the chances of full immunization and the nutritional status of children whose mothers were previously married.
For children of never married mothers, the benefits of residing with males of working age are largely a function of ethnicity.
The results also show that, although children are not disadvantaged nutritionally when their fathers have more than one wife, polygyny is associated with a higher probability of polio dropout and lower probability of full immunization than monogamy.
Higher socio-economic status is associated with a greater probability of full immunization and a lower probability of malnutrition but socioeconomic factors do not explain the effects of mothers'marital status.
The findings underscore the complex realities of family interaction and the importance of the broader social context in accounting for variations in child welfare across diverse marital situations.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant, Homme, Age préscolaire, Bien être, Milieu familial, Statut conjugal, Parent, Statut socioéconomique, Santé, Immunisation, Etat nutritionnel, Kenya, Afrique, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child, Human, Preschool age, Well being, Family environment, Marital status, Parent, Socioeconomic status, Health, Immunization, Nutritional status, Kenya, Africa, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0036298
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 17/04/1998.