Upgrading obstetric care at the health center level, Juaben, Ghana.
Preliminary studies : Inventory and observations at Juaben Teaching Health Center (JTHC) revealed an inability to treat obstetric complications.
Women with complications needed to be referred to other institutions, resulting in delays.
During 1993 and 1994, an operating theater and blood bank were established and equipped, the maternity refurbished, and a revolving drug fund created.
A physician was posted and trained in obstetrics, and midwives were trained in life-saving skills.
A running water supply was established.
Subsequent community interventions focused on improving access and reducing the delay in seeking care.
The number of women with complications coming for care increased almost three-fold, from 26 in 1993 to 73 in 1995 and the proportion of these who were referred for treatment dropped from 42 to 14%. Surgical obstetric procedures performed at JTHC increased from 23 in 1993 to 90 in 1995.
Midwives performed 32% of manual removals, 58% of vacuum extractions and 98% of episiotomy repairs.
No deaths occurred among the women treated.
Costs : The cost of improvements was approximately US $30000, mostly for equipment and supplies.
Forty percent came from project funds, 36% from non-governmental organizations (NGOs), 15% from government and 9% from community members.
The salary of the new physician cost an additional $4700 annually.
Modest improvements can increase the provision and utilization of emergency obstetric care. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Mortalité, Mère, Accouchement pathologie, Gestation pathologie, Amélioration, Qualité, Soin, Obstétrique, Enseignement, Centre santé, Homme, Femelle, Ghana, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Mortality, Mother, Delivery disorders, Pregnancy disorders, Improvement, Quality, Care, Obstetrics, Teaching, Health center, Human, Female, Ghana, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0033480
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 17/04/1998.