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  1. Community education to improve utilization of emergency obstetric services in Ghana.

    Article - En anglais

    Preliminary studies : Focus group studies in the Ashanti region showed that people avoided utilizing health facilities because of lack of confidence in the services and concern about the availability of drugs and supplies, among other reasons.

    Interventions 

    After services at the health center were upgraded, community education activities began in early 1994.

    These activities were carried out through existing mechanisms - e.g. Ministry of Health (MOH) outreach workers and village health workers, public health nurses and midwives, and village health committees.

    They addressed a variety of audiences, including women's and church groups, emphasizing early recognition and treatment of obstetric complications, and the improved availability of services.

    Results 

    The number of women with obstetric complications admitted to the health center rose from 26 in 1993 to 73 in 1995.

    It was the impression of the health center staff that women were also coming for treatment more promptly.

    Costs : The cost of this intervention was US$1950.

    This was mostly project funds, with the government and community together contributing approximately one-fifth.

    Conclusions 

    Once services are available, community education and information activities can enhance utilization.

    The cost of such activities can be reduced, and sustainability promoted, by involving MOH personnel and community groups.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Mortalité, Mère, Accouchement pathologie, Utilisation, Service hospitalier, Obstétrique, Urgence, Education, Communauté, Foetus, Femelle, Ghana, Afrique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Mortality, Mother, Delivery disorders, Use, Hospital ward, Obstetrics, Emergency, Education, Community, Fetus, Female, Ghana, Africa

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0032422

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 17/04/1998.