The objectives of this study were to establish the prevalence of respiratory, eye, nose and throat symptoms of likely work-relation in workers exposed to colophony solder flux fumes and to assess their lung function.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in four medium-sized electronics firms in which control measures to capture solder flux fume were absent or visibly ineffective.
All female solderers and women working adjacent to soldering stations completed an administered questionnaire concerning symptoms, work history and current soldering frequency.
Measurements were made of their forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) during the course of a working shift, using a Vitallograph-Compact portable spirometer.
Using weekly hours of soldering as a crude index of current exposure, workers were classified into high (= 37 h/wk) and low (¾ 20 h/wk) exposure groups, and their health responses were compared in the analysis.
Individuals with symptoms suggestive of work-related asthma were also asked to provide serial peak flow measurements over a further 2-week period, and adequate returns were charted and read by two physicians experienced in the diagnosis of occupational asthma.
Data were collected on 152 female workers (overall participation rate=97%). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Fumée, Flux brasage tendre, Colophane, Toxicité, Homme, Asthme, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Fonction respiratoire, Origine végétale, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fumes, Soldering flux, Colophony, Toxicity, Human, Asthma, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Lung function, Plant origin, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0028368
Code Inist : 002B03L02. Création : 17/04/1998.