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  1. Occupational asthma in hairdressers : results of inhalation tests with bleaching powder.

    Article - En anglais

    Study objective 

    To analyze the extent to which the clinical diagnosis of bleach-induced asthma can be confirmed by laboratory tests and to determine the role of work-related exposure to bleaching powder in a group of hairdressers with respiratory complaints.

    Methods 

    The study population consisted of 55 female hairdressers who had regular contact with various hair products and a clinical history of job-related rhinitic and/or asthmatic symptoms.

    We divided the individuals into two groups : group I, with asthmatic symptoms (n=38), and group II, without asthmatic symptoms (control group, n=17).

    All subjects underwent immunological, pulmonary-function, and nonspecific bronchial provocation tests, and 46 study participants were subjected to a standardized bleaching-powder test in a designated chamber.

    Results 

    There were 13 positive responses to bleaching powder in the skin test, and 32 individuals showed positive bronchial responsiveness to acetylcholine ; positive responses to the challenge with bleaching powder occurred in 9 women (22% of those tested).

    None of the women in group II reacted to bleaching powder.

    There was no significant difference between persons with a positive or a negative bronchial provocation test with regard to the evaluated parameters.

    Conclusions 

    In the diagnostic workup of hairdressers with work-related respiratory symptoms, bleaching powder is one of the products that need to be tested. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Coiffeur, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Asthme, Rhinite, Homme, Décolorant, Produit capillaire, Poudre, Test provocation, Inhalation, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, ORL pathologie, Nez pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hairdresser, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Asthma, Rhinitis, Human, Decolorizing agent, Hair product, Powder, Provocation test, Inhalation, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, ENT disease, Nose disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0028160

    Code Inist : 002B06C02. Création : 17/04/1998.