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  1. Fulltext. Demographic characteristics of the vision-disabled elderly.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Purpose

    To profile certain demographic features of the low-vision population in Ontario, Canada.

    Methods

    Sixty-six optometrists or optometry centers, 8 ophthalmologists, and 23 Canadian National Institute for the Blind rehabilitation worker teams were recruited to the study.

    They were required to report on their low-vision examinations during a 3-year period.

    Results

    Reports from 4744 low-vision examinations were received.

    Of the patients examined, 71% were over age 65 (subsequently called seniors or elderly), and 55% were over age 75.

    Ninety percent of all the patients lived in households and 10% lived in institutions.

    Seniors made up 71% of the patients living in households and 88% of the patients living in institutions.

    Most of the seniors were women (65%), and 57% had functional limitations in addition to low vision, most commonly limitations in mobility, hearing, or agility.

    Age-related maculopathy was the primary diagnosis in 75% of seniors, and the most common secondary diagnosis was cataract (46%). The main objective for most elderly low-vision patients was to gain improvement in personal reading (75%). Conclusions.

    The vast majority of low-vision patients were elderly, the largest number being 75 to 84 years old. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Déficit, Acuité visuelle, Ontario, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Démographie, Optométrie, Enquête, Vieillard, Homme, Exploration, Oeil pathologie, Trouble vision

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Deficiency, Visual acuity, Ontario, Canada, North America, America, Demography, Optometry, Survey, Elderly, Human, Exploration, Eye disease, Vision disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0026578

    Code Inist : 002B09N. Création : 17/04/1998.