Emergency response planning at the Nevada Test Site.
International Workshop on Real-time Computing of the Environmental Consequences of an Accident Release from a Nuclear Installation. Aronsborg (SWE), 1996/10/07.
A robust emergency response plan was an essential part of the underground testing of nuclear weapons at the United States Nevada Test Site (NTS).
This plan was designed to help protect the safety and health of test operations personnel and the general public and to minimise social, economic, and environmental consequences in the event of an accidental release of radioactive material into the atmosphere.
Meteorological information was a vital element in the formulation of this emergency response plan by a team of senior decision makers.
The meteorological basis of the nuclear-test operations emergency response plan is described.
Emphasis is placed on the complex, mobile, remote-sensing capability that was placed in the field prior to and during all underground nuclear tests.
The system for the prompt electronic communication of these data to the test operations centre and the immediate processing, display, and real-time use of these data by test operations management is protrayed.
In addition, the complete mesoscale meteorological monitoring program, including lightning detection, is described as well as how special mesoscale weather forecasts and test support products were produced and displayed for test management.
The radiological assessment technique is summarised and the team effort between the weather forecaster, radiation fallout analyst, the United States Environmental Protection Agency radiological assessment team, and test management is outlined. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Nevada, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Procédure urgence, Robustesse, Armement nucléaire, Programme essai, Radioprotection, Analyse risque, Elément météorologique, Traitement information, Télécommunication, Accident nucléaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nevada, United States, North America, America, Emergency procedure, Robustness, Nuclear weapon, Test programme, Radioprotection, Risk analysis, Meteorological variable, Information processing, Telecommunication
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0026003
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 17/04/1998.