A retrospective study compared the course of alcohol withdrawal, including delirium tremens, in women and men hospitalized in the Nowowiejski Hospital in Warsaw from 1973 to 1987.
Medical records pertaining to 1179 patients were analyzed ; 13.8% of these patients were women and 86.2% were men.
The study showed that women began intensive alcohol drinking later than men (p<0.0001), but the period between the onset of alcohol abuse and the first occurrence of alcohol withdrawal was shorter in women than in men (p<0.0001).
In the period of heavy drinking before hospitalization, women consumed significantly less alcohol then men (p<0.0001) ; moreover, women drank nonbeverage alcohol less frequently than men (p<0.05).
Women were hospitalized substantially longer than men (p<0.0001), whereas the duration of alcohol withdrawal symptoms at the time of hospitalization was comparable in both groups.
Withdrawal seizures were significantly more frequent among men than among women (p<0.001).
Significant differences in the patients'somatic conditions were not noted between the groups, with the exception of anemia and decreased potassium concentration, which were more frequently observed in women (both p<0.0001), and of Increased concentration of ALT and hypoprotelnemia, which were more frequent in men (respectively, p<0.05 and p<0.01). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Ethanol, Sevrage syndrome, Homme, Délirium, Mâle, Femelle, Sexe, Etude comparative, Sevrage toxique, Pologne, Europe, Evolution, Epidémiologie, Trouble mental organique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethanol, Withdrawal syndrome, Human, Delirium, Male, Female, Sex, Comparative study, Poison withdrawal, Poland, Europe, Evolution, Epidemiology, Organic mental disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0024750
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 17/04/1998.