This study assessed the long-term mental health effects of the nuclear accident at Chernobyl.
Two population samples (N=3,044), one from the Gomel region, close to the accident site, and one from Tver, 500 miles away, were studied 61/2 years after the event with the use ofa variety of self-report questionnaires and a standardized psychiatric interview.
The prevalence of psychological distress and DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders was exceptionally high in both regions.
Scores on the self-report scales were consistently higher in the exposed region ; however, a higher risk of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders could be demonstrated only among women with children under 18 years of age in the exposed region.
A substantial long-term mental health effect of the Chernobyl incident was demonstrated, mainly at a subclinical level.
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident, Centrale nucléaire, Effet psychologique, Trouble psychiatrique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Homme, URSS, Accident Chernobyl
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Accident, Nuclear power plant, Psychological effect, Mental disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0023331
Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 17/04/1998.