To examine the relationship of reported condom use to specific sociodemographics, psychosocial variables, and perceptions of and motivations for condom use as conceptualized by the Health Belief Model.
This study performed a cross-sectional survey of 557 adolescents enrolled in a hospital-based pregnancy prevention program in an urban community hospital (Harlem Hospital).
Multiple logistic regression analysis examined the combined relationship of the significant psychosocial variables to consistent condom use.
Males were less likely than females to report teen-parent conflict and depression and more likely to report support for birth control, participation in community activities, and favorable attitudes toward delaying parenthood.
Consistent with the Health Belief Model, adjusting for age, the strongest predictors of consistent condom use were partner preference for condoms, perceived benefit of avoidance of pregnancy, male gender, and support for birth control (usually by a parent).
The data on this urban, predominantly African-American sample of adolescents suggest the importance of the influences on specific motivations to use protection-that is, the wish to avoid pregnancy, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and sexually transmitted diseases, although the mechanisms are still unclear. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Prévention, Condom, Utilisation, Prédiction, Motivation, Attitude, Facteur sociodémographique, Croyance, Adolescent, Homme, Noir américain, Comportement, Santé, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Prevention, Condom, Use, Prediction, Motivation, Attitude, Sociodemographic factor, Belief, Adolescent, Human, Black American, Behavior, Health, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0022653
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 17/04/1998.