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  1. Effectiveness of a regional trauma system in reducing mortality from major trauma : before and after study.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To assess the effect of the development of an experimental trauma centre and regional trauma system on the survival of patients with major trauma.

    Design 

    Controlled before and after study examining outcomes between 1990 and 1993, spanning the introduction of the system in 1991-2.

    Setting 

    Trauma centre in North Staffordshire Royal Infirmary and five associated district general hospitals in the North West Midlands regional trauma system, and two control regions in Lancashire and Humberside.

    Subjects 

    All trauma patients taken by the ambulance services serving the regions or arriving other than by ambulance with injury severity scores 15, whether or not they had vital signs on arrival at hospital.

    Main outcome measures 

    Survival rates standardised for age, severity of injury, and revised trauma score.

    Results 

    In 1990,33% of major trauma patients in the experimental region were taken to the trauma centre, and by 1993 this had risen to only 39%. Crude death rates changed by the same amount in the control regions (46.5% in 1990-1 to 44.4% in 1992-3) as in the experimental region (44.8% to 41.3%). After standardisation, the estimated change in the probability of dying in the experimental region compared with the control regions was - 0.8% per year (95% confidence interval - 3.6%, to 2.2%) ; for out of hours care, the change was 1.6% per year (-2.3% to 5.6%), and, for multiply injured patients, the change was - 1.6% (-6.1% to 2.6%). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Grave, Mortalité, Système santé, Régional, Efficacité, Organisation santé, Homme, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Severe, Mortality, Health system, Regional, Efficiency, Public health organization, Human, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0022501

    Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 17/04/1998.