A study was conducted to assess the belief systems of the general public concerning the appropriate treatments for mental disorders and correlates of these belief systems.
The study was based on the results of a household survey of the general public in Australia, using a national random sample of 2,031 adults aged 18-74 years.
Respondents were given a vignette describing either a person with depression or one with schizophrenia, and were asked for their opinions about the helpfulness of various professional and non-professional treatments for the person described.
A principal components analysis of the helpfulness ratings gave three factors :
a Medical factor with high loadings on all drug treatments (except Vitamins) and on Psychiatric ward and ECT ;
a Psychological factor with high loadings on Counsellor,
Psychotherapy and Hypnosis ;
and a Lifestyle factor with high loadings on Close family,
Physical activity and Get out more.
The same factors emerged from ratings of the two vignettes.
Mean scores on scales constructed from the items with high loadings showed that the public tend to have a negative view of medical treatments and a positive view of psychological and lifestyle ones. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Schizophrénie, Etude comparative, Etat dépressif, Traitement, Attitude, Perception sociale, Opinion publique, Chimiothérapie, Psychothérapie, Enquête, Australie, Océanie, Homme, Psychose, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Schizophrenia, Comparative study, Depression, Treatment, Attitude, Social perception, Public opinion, Chemotherapy, Psychotherapy, Survey, Australia, Oceania, Human, Psychosis, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0022259
Code Inist : 002B18H02. Création : 17/04/1998.