Risk factors associated with stress reactions in female marines.
Women have a higher stress fracture rate than men in military studies, although the exact cause of this is not clear.
Hyperpronation has been implicated as a potential risk factor for injury.
In this prospective observational study, we measured subtalar joint range of motion in 101 women (ages 20-27 years) enrolled in Marine Corps Officer Candidate School in June 1994.
The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for injury in female Marine Corps officer candidates.
The primary area of interest was the association between the amount of subtalar joint range of motion and stress reactions.
Questionnaires were administered that explored previous physical activities, sports participation, and menstrual history.
Anthropometric measurements were performed, including subtalar joint range of motion.
During the 10 weeks of physical training, 11.5% of the women (N=12) had stress reactions compared with 7% of the men (N=10).
There was no statistically significant difference in the means of subtalar joint range of motion in the stress reaction group compared with the non-stress reaction group.
Differences in stress reaction rate across quartiles of subtalar joint range of motion were not significant.
Those women who ran fewer miles (¾2.8 miles per session) before training had a higher rate of stress reactions (p<0.04).
Younger individuals (<23 years) had a higher rate of stress reactions (p<0.01). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Stress contrainte, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Navigation maritime, Etiologie, Etude comparative, Femelle, Homme, Evaluation, Posttraumatisme syndrome, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Système nerveux pathologie, Organisation santé, Psychopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Restraint stress, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Sea navigation, Etiology, Comparative study, Female, Human, Evaluation, Posttraumatic syndrome, United States, North America, America, Nervous system diseases, Public health organization, Psychopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0020973
Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 17/04/1998.