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  1. Maternal expectations about normal child development in 4 cultural groups.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To determine whether expectations about normal infant and child development are different among mothers from 4 ethnocultural groups.

    Participants 

    Two hundred fifty-five mothers (90 Puerto Rican, 59 African American, 69 European American, 37 West Indian-Caribbean) whose children received health care at hospital-based pediatric clinics and private pediatricians'and family practitioners'offices.

    Design 

    Verbally administered questionnaire that included 25 questions in which mothers were asked to give their opinions about the age at which a normal child should begin to accomplish standard developmental milestones.

    Analysis : Responses (mean ages at which mothers expected children to attain the milestones) from each group were compared after controlling for age of mother, number of children, level of education, and socioeconomic status.

    Results 

    Significant differences among ethnic groups'responses were seen for 9 of 25 developmental milestones.

    Differences were mainly seen among personal and social milestones, and Puerto Rican mothers tended to expect children to attain these milestones at a later age than did other mothers.

    No differences in responses were seen between Spanish-and English-speaking Puerto Rican mothers.

    European-American mothers expected children to take first steps and become toilet trained at a later age.

    Conclusions 

    Developmental expectations differ among mothers from different ethnocultural groups. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Développement, Etude comparative, Enquête opinion, Aspect culturel, Ethnie, Relation mère enfant, Aspect social, Critère décision, Evaluation, Normalité asymptotique, Enfant, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Expectation, Métabolisme pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Development, Comparative study, Opinion inquiry, Cultural aspect, Ethnic group, Mother child relation, Social aspect, Decision criterion, Evaluation, Asymptotic normality, Child, Human, United States, North America, America, Expectation, Metabolic diseases

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0020318

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 17/04/1998.