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  1. Contribution of birth defects and genetic diseases to pediatric hospitalizations : A population-based study.

    Article - En anglais

    objective 

    To estimate the contribution of birth defects and genetic diseases to pediatric hospitalizations by use of population-based data.

    Design 

    Hospital discharges were categorized according to the diagnostic codes of The International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification.

    Hospitalizations that were related to birth defects and genetic diseases were compared with hospitalizations for other reasons, with respect to age, race/ethnicity, sex, length of stay, charges, source of payment, and mortality rate.

    Hospitalization rates and per capita charges were computed with the use of population estimates from 1990 census data.

    Materials 

    The 1991 population-based hospital discharge data from California and South Carolina.

    Results 

    Nearly 12% of pediatric hospitalizations in the 2 states combined were related to birth defects and genetic diseases.

    These children were, on average, about 3 years younger, stayed 3 days longer in a hospital, incurred 184% higher charges, and had a 4 1/2 times greater in-hospital mortality rate than children who were hospitalized for other reasons.

    The rate of hospitalizations that were related to birth defects and genetic diseases was 4 per 1000 children in both states, but these rates varied by age and race. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Naissance, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Maladie héréditaire, Etude cohorte, Mortalité, Morbidité, Etude comparative, Etiopathogénie, Enfant, Homme, Evaluation, Article synthèse, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Pédiatrie, Déterminisme génétique, Organisation santé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Birth, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Genetic disease, Cohort study, Mortality, Morbidity, Comparative study, Etiopathogenesis, Child, Human, Evaluation, Review, Female genital diseases, Pediatrics, Genetic determinism, Public health organization

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0020313

    Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 17/04/1998.