Declining prevalence of psychiatric disorder in older former prisoners of war.
The aim of this study was to examine change in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders over a decade late in the lives of ex-prisoners of war (POWs) and nonprisoner veterans of World War II.
In 1982-83 we drew a random sample of POWs and non-POWs living in Sydney, Australia.
They were interviewed by a psychiatrist at that time and again 9 years later.
They also completed self-rating anxiety and depression scales.
Anxiety disorders were the most prevalent and declined by half from 32.7% at the first interview to 16.8% 9 years later (p<. 001) whereas the prevalence of depressive disorders fell by two-thirds from 26.9% to 8.7% (p<. 001).
In POWs the prevalence of both anxiety and depression declined more markedly than in non-POWs.
Consistent changes also occurred in scores on the self-rating anxiety and depression scales.
The psychological impact of these POWs'tragic wartime experience had at last begun to dim after nearly 50 years.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ancien combattant, Prévalence, Trouble psychiatrique, Trouble anxieux, Trouble humeur, Alcoolisme, Epidémiologie, Australie, Océanie, Vieillard, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Veteran, Prevalence, Mental disorder, Anxiety disorder, Mood disorder, Alcoholism, Epidemiology, Australia, Oceania, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0019811
Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 17/04/1998.