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  1. Declining prevalence of psychiatric disorder in older former prisoners of war.

    Article - En anglais

    The aim of this study was to examine change in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders over a decade late in the lives of ex-prisoners of war (POWs) and nonprisoner veterans of World War II.

    In 1982-83 we drew a random sample of POWs and non-POWs living in Sydney, Australia.

    They were interviewed by a psychiatrist at that time and again 9 years later.

    They also completed self-rating anxiety and depression scales.

    Anxiety disorders were the most prevalent and declined by half from 32.7% at the first interview to 16.8% 9 years later (p<. 001) whereas the prevalence of depressive disorders fell by two-thirds from 26.9% to 8.7% (p<. 001).

    In POWs the prevalence of both anxiety and depression declined more markedly than in non-POWs.

    Consistent changes also occurred in scores on the self-rating anxiety and depression scales.

    The psychological impact of these POWs'tragic wartime experience had at last begun to dim after nearly 50 years.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Ancien combattant, Prévalence, Trouble psychiatrique, Trouble anxieux, Trouble humeur, Alcoolisme, Epidémiologie, Australie, Océanie, Vieillard, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Veteran, Prevalence, Mental disorder, Anxiety disorder, Mood disorder, Alcoholism, Epidemiology, Australia, Oceania, Elderly, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0019811

    Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 17/04/1998.