A structural-sociological approach to suicide research holds that an aggregate-level cause of suicide should correlate with the suicide rates in a population.
In 1980, Sainsbury, Jenkins, and Levey published the article « The Social Correlates of Suicide in Europe » which related the suicide rates in 1961-63 and the changes in them in the following 11 years to 15 social variables in 18 European countries.
Its main findings were that the changes in suicide rates could be attributed to specific changes in the social environment.
Complementary discriminant analyses showed that it was possible accurately to divide the countries into low-and high-change suicide rate groups on the basis of a combination of the social variables.
Although criticized for its method, the study has been widely quoted and sometimes presented as the most definitive current study on the subject.
In order to see whether its results held for similar data 16 years later it was replicated for 1977-79 and the ensuing 11 years, with data and method as similar as possible to the original.
The results agreed with those of the original study on only one point : the correlations between the levels of the social variables and those of the suicide rates were similar in both periods.
However, changes in the suicide rates were unrelated to either the levels of the social variables or the changes in them : correlations found in the original study tended to change profoundly or disappear. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Suicide, Analyse sociologique, Aspect social, Epidémiologie, Environnement social, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide, Social analysis, Social aspect, Epidemiology, Social environment, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0016453
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 17/04/1998.