The impact of cancer on the physical function of the elderly and their utilization of health care.
Controversy about whether cancer has an independent impact on patient quality of life led the authors to evaluate the effects of cancer on a range of quality-of-life and health care utilization measures within an elderly population.
The authors analyzed a nationally representative sample of 9745 elderly community-based Medicare beneficiaries sampled in the 1991 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey.
Of these, 1647 reported being diagnosed by a physician as having a malignancy that was not of the skin.
Multiple logistic regression was used to identify the independent predictors of functional limitation, poor health status, health care utilization, and patient satisfaction with medical care.
Cancer was reported by 17% of the elderly.
Individuals with cancer reported poorer health, more limitations of the activities of daily living (ADLs) and the instrumental activities of daily living (LADLs), and greater health care utilization than individuals without cancer.
For individuals with cancer, difficulty walking (38%) and getting out of a chair (21%) were the most commonly reported ADL limitations, whereas difficulty completing heavy housework (34%) and shopping (17%) were the most common IADL limitations.
Carcinomas of the lung, prostate, and colon independently predicted poorer health status.
Lung carcinoma was independently associated with more ADL limitations.
Lung, bladder, and prostate carcinomas predicted increased health care utilization. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Capacité fonctionnelle, Vieillard, Homme, Qualité vie, Autonomie, Tumeur maligne, Evaluation, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Functional capacity, Elderly, Human, Quality of life, Autonomy, Malignant tumor, Evaluation, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0014793
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 17/04/1998.