logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. Risk factors for cholera infection in the initial phase of an epidemic in Guinea-Bissau : Protection by lime juice.

    Article - En anglais

    Previous studies of cholera transmission have been conducted in the middle or at the end of an epidemic.

    Since modes of transmission could be different in different phases of an epidemic, we initiated a case-referent study immediately after the first cases had been hospitalized in a recent cholera epidemic in Guinea-Bissau in West Africa in October 1994.

    The cases investigated were consecutive adult patients resident in the capital of Bissau who were admitted the the National Hospital during the first two weeks of the epidemic.

    Referents were matched for district, gender, and age.

    The study showed a protective effect of using limes in the main meal (odds ratio [OR]=0.2,95% confidence interval [Cl]=0.1-0.3) and having soap in the house (OR=0.3,95% CI=0.1-0.8).

    Not eating with the fingers and using water from a public standpipe were also protective.

    No specific source or mode of transmission was identified.

    Thus, cholera control programs in Africa may have to emphasize general hygienic conditions and the use of acidifiers in food preparation.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Choléra, Bactériose, Infection, Facteur risque, Epidémie, Homme, Programme sanitaire, Hygiène, Guinée Bissau, Afrique, Mode transmission

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cholera, Bacteriosis, Infection, Risk factor, Epidemic, Human, Sanitary program, Hygiene, Guinea-Bissau, Africa, Transmission mode

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0013931

    Code Inist : 002B05B02L4. Création : 17/04/1998.