The impact of changes in health practices on medical claims costs between 1985-1987 and 1988-1990 was examined among 796 employees.
Employees completed a health risk appraisal in 1985 and 1988 and were categorized into health risk levels.
High-cost status and high-risk status were significantly associated at both times.
The percentage of employees with high-risk status decreased from 31.8% to 25.3% between 1985 and 1988 (P<0.01).
Changes in average costs and the percentage with high-cost status followed the risk change.
The largest increase in average costs occurred in employees who moved from low-risk to high-risk status.
The greatest reduction in average costs occurred in employees who moved from high-risk to low-risk status.
Median costs were not as sensitive to risk change.
The findings provide strong evidence that improving individual health status is associated with financial benefits.
Mots-clés Pascal : Changement comportement, Santé, Mode de vie, Coût, Impact économique, Homme, Travailleur, Promotion santé, Lieu travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Behavior change, Health, Life habit, Costs, Economic impact, Human, Worker, Health promotion, Work place
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0013266
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 17/04/1998.