Factors associated with anemia in refugee children.
A nutrition survey was performed in 1990 among children 6 through 35 mo of age living in Palestinian refugee camps in Syria, Jordan, the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Lebanon.
Overall, 67% [95% confidence interval (Cl) : 66,68] were anemic (hemoglobin<110 g/L), ranging from 54% in the West Bank to 75% in Syria.
The following factors were significantly associated with anemia in one or more of three age groups (6-11.9,12-23.9 and 24-35.9 mo) by logistic regression :
living in Syria,
Lebanon, or Gaza [with prevalence odds ratios (POR) in the range of 1.4-2.6 depending on the age group and area, relative to children living in Jordan] ;
never having been breast-fed (POR=1.7) ;
male sex (POR=1.2) ;
maternal illiteracy (POR=1.4 relative to those with =6 y of education) ;
having a recent (within 2 wk) or current episode of fever or diarrhea ;
Recent or current illness and stunting interacted in two age groups with the general trend of stunted children with recent or current illness having high POR.
Early childhood anemia is associated with factors reflecting poor socioeconomic status and recent diarrheal and febrile illnesses in Palestinian refugee camps.
Mots-clés Pascal : Réfugié, Anémie, Hémoglobine, Fer, Déficit, Environnement socioculturel, Malnutrition, Hémopathie, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Carence alimentaire, Moyen Orient, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Refugee, Anemia, Hemoglobin, Iron, Deficiency, Sociocultural environment, Malnutrition, Hemopathy, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Nutritional deficiency, Middle east, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0013232
Code Inist : 002B19A01. Création : 17/04/1998.