A telephone survey was conducted to measure AIDS knowledge, media usage and condom attitudes and behaviors among 500 adults aged 18 to 49 in Brasilia, as well as to evaluate the feasibility of the telephone survey method in a developing country.
The response rate was 91.6%. Respondents had good knowledge about correct modes of HIV transmission and prevention but also believed HIV was transmitted through blood donation, public toilets, swimming pools, and mosquito bites.
TV and newspapers were the most important sources of information on health matters and AIDS, though health workers were considered the most credible sources of such information.
Only 19% of sexual encounters in the 4 weeks prior to the survey included condoms.
Single and younger respondents and those with more positive attitudes used condoms more frequently.
More work is needed to identify appropriate messages to motivate people to use condoms.
Telephone surveys regarding AIDS and sexual attitudes and behaviors are feasible in Brasilia, a planned community with universal telephone coverage.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Enquête, Appel téléphonique, Connaissance, Comportement sexuel, Condom, Attitude, Mass media, Source information, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Homme, Méthodologie, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Survey, Telephone call, Knowledge, Sexual behavior, Condom, Attitude, Mass media, Information source, Brazil, South America, America, Human, Methodology, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0012891
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 17/04/1998.